Bridge the Gap – SYNGAP – Education and Research Foundation

What is a seizure?

A seizure is a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain.

A seizure usually affects how a person appears or acts for a short time.

Many different things can occur during a seizure. Whatever the brain and body can do normally can also occur during a seizure 

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What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is the fourth most common neurological disorder and affects people of all ages

Epilepsy means the same thing as “seizure disorders”

Epilepsy is characterized by unpredictable seizures and can cause other health problems

Epilepsy is a spectrum condition with a wide range of seizure types and control varying from person-to-person

Public perception and misunderstanding of epilepsy causes challenges often worse than the seizures

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Types of Seizures

Seizures are generally described in two major groups of seizures: generalized seizures and focal seizures.

The difference between the types of seizures is in how and where they begin in the brain.

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Types of Epilepsy Syndromes

An epilepsy syndrome is defined by a group of features usually occuring together.

The features in a syndrome may include types of seizures commonly seen, age when seizures commonly begin, part of the brain involved, usual course, genetic information, and much more.

Collectively this description provides information on what medicine and other treatments may be helpful.

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